Meat and meat products
Meat is mainly composed of water and protein, which is flesh of animals such as chickens, sheep, pigs and cattle, and is usually eaten together with other food. Meat products includes all types of meat, poultry, and game products, in pieces and cuts or comminuted, fresh and processed.
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Fresh meat, poultry and game
Untreated raw comminuted or mechanically deboned meat, poultry and game. Examples include: fresh beef (hamburger) patties; boerewors; fresh breakfast sausages; gehakt (chopped meat); loganiza (fresh, uncured sausage); fresh meatballs; mechanically deboned, ground and formed poultry pieces (with or without breading or coating); and fresh sausages (e.g., beef, Italian, and pork).
Heat-treated processed meat, poultry and game products
Heat-treated processed meat products includes cooked (including cured and cooked, and dried and cooked), heat-treated (including sterilized) and canned comminuted products. Examples include: cured, cooked ham; cured, cooked pork shoulder; canned chicken meat; meat pieces boiled in soy sauce (tsukudani); pre-grilled beef patties; foie gras and pates; brawn and head cheese; cooked, cured chopped meat; chopped meat boiled in soy sauce (tsukudani); canned corned beef; luncheon meats; meat pastes; cooked meat patties; cooked salami-type products; cooked meatballs; saucises de strasbourg; breakfast sausages; brown-and-serve sausages; and terrines (a cooked chopped meat mixture).
Cured (including salted) non-heat treated processed meat, poultry and game products
Salted products are treated with sodium chloride. Dry cured (dry pickled) products are prepared by rubbing salt directly on the meat surface. Wet pickle cured products are prepared by submerging the meat in a brine solution. Pump cured products are prepared by injecting brine into the meat. Curing may also be achieved by addition of additives. Smoked products are also included here. Examples include: bacon (cured, dry-cured, immersion-cured, pump-cured); side bacon; corned beef; marinaded beef; and different types of Oriental pickled products: miso-pickled meat (miso-zuke), koji-pickled meat (koji-zuke), soy sauce-pickled meat (shoyu-zuke); chorizos (spicy pork sausages), salami-type products, salchichon, tocino (fresh, cured sausage), pepperoni, and smoked sausage.
Cured (including salted) and dried non-heat treated processed meat, poultry and game products
The meat cuts may be cured or salted and then dried, or they may only be dried. Drying is achieved either in hot air or in vacuum. Examples include: dried salt pork, dehydrated meat, stuffed loin, Iberian ham, proscuitto-type ham; pasturmas, dried sausages, cured and dried sausages, beef jerky, Chinese sausages (including traditional cured or smoked pork sausage), and sobrasada.